Try to understand different points of view.
In addition to considering how someone may feel, it's also important to understand our different viewpoints in life. This doesn't mean we have to agree with someone, but we can try to see things from their perspective. This may help us respond more thoughtfully and empathetically when interacting with them.
Be open-minded and non-judgmental.
When practicing empathy, try to keep an open mind and avoid judging both ourselves and others. Instead, try to listen openly and without preconceptions. Doing this will make you more likely to understand where someone is coming from – including yourself.
Navigate defensive reactions.
One main thing that gets in the way of empathy is defensive reactions. When we feel attacked or threatened, we tend to close off our hearts and minds and become less able to empathize. when that happens (and it will), just notice our own reactions, acknowledge them, and then try to shift perspective again, taking a more open stance.